Plateau state is located in east-central Nigeria, Jos as the capital city.
The state was created in 1976 out of the northern half of former Benue-Plateau state.
The State is bounded by Kaduna and Bauchi states on the north, Taraba state on the east, and Nassarawa on the south and west.
The Jos Plateau rises to about 5,250 feet (1,600 m) above sea level in the state’s north-central part, and the Benue River valley stretches along the southwestern border.
There are wooded valleys in the southeast, the vegetation is mostly open grassland (formerly wooded but now with only occasional hedges of cacti and scattered trees), which is used for grazing and farming.
However the state is best known for its mining production, agriculture is the major occupation of the people. Acha (a grain known as “hungry rice”) and millet are the chief cash crops; yams, sorghum, corn (maize), potatoes, cowpeas, rice, fruits, and vegetables are the staple crops.
Cattle grazing also on the tsetse-free plateau and supply milk to the dairy at Vom. Among the major exports of the state are hides and skins.
Plateau state is the most important mining area in Nigeria and is a major exporter of tin and columbite. The tin is smelted just outside Jos, the state capital and its largest town. The metals are shipped by rail to Port Harcourt for export. Other minerals, notably tantalite, kaolin, tungsten (wolfram), zircon, and thorium compounds, are also exploited on the plateau. Lead, zinc, and silver are mined on a small scale in the eastern part of the state around Wase, Zurak, and Kigom.
Known for its heterogeneity, the state has about 40 ethnic groups, including the Vergam, Ankwei, Angas, Jawara (Jarauci), Birom, Mango, Fulani, Hausa, and Eggen. The mining industry has attracted European, Igbo (Ibo), and Yoruba immigrants into the state.
Jos is connected by road with Wamba, Akwanga, Keffi, and Lafia and has an airport. Lafia, Pankshin, Wamba, Shendam, and Akwanga are also sizable market and mining centres.
Places of interest include a museum, with Nok terra-cotta sculptures, and a zoo, both located at Jos. There is a federal university at Jos and a college of technology at Bukuru.
Major research institutes are located at Vom (veterinary sciences) and at Bukuru (strategic studies). Area 11,936 square miles (30,913 square km). Pop. (2006) 3,178,712.
SEE THE PEOPLE
Plateau state has over forty ethnolinguistic groups.
Some of the indigenous tribes in Plateau state are the Berom, Afizere, Amo, Anaguta, Aten, Bogghom, Buji, Challa, Chip, Fier, Gashish, Goemai, Irigwe, Jarawa, Jukun, Kofyar (comprising Doemak, Kwalla, and Mernyang), Montol, Mushere, Mupun, Mwaghavul, Ngas, Piapung, Pyem, Ron-Kulere, Bache, Talet, Taroh (Tarok), Youm and Fulani/Kanuri in Wase.
PLATEAU CULTURAL HERITAGE
Plateau state has a very rich cultural heritage. The Nok culture one of the earliest iron smelting cultures dating between 500 BC and AD 200 is associated with the area.
Jos is the cradle of Tin mining operations on the Jos Plateau. The State has unique and beautiful climate that is conducive for the production of cotton, groundnuts, rice, Irish potatoes, maize, soyabean.
The National Museum at Jos, the oldest in the country. Museum of Traditional Nigerian Architecture, containing various architectural designs of major Nigerian ethnic groups. Jos wildlife Safari Park, Zoological Gardens. Asop Falls, Kura falls, Wase Rock & Kerang volcanic Mountain where the population Swan brand spring water is produced in Shere Hills.
JOS PLATEAU STATE FAQ
WHAT IS THE MEANING OF PLATEAU STATE?
Plateau State is the twelfth largest state of Nigeria, and is roughly located in the center of the country. It is geographically unique in Nigeria because its boundaries totally surround the Jos Plateau, having the Jos Plateau totally in its central and northern part. Its capital is Jos. Plateau State is celebrated as “The Home of Peace and Tourism”. Plateau State gets its name from the Jos Plateau. It has a population of around 3.5 million people.
IS PLATEAU STATE A HAUSA STATE?
Plateau state is located in east-central Nigeria, created in 1976 out of the northern half of former Benue-Plateau state.
The state has over forty ethno-linguistic groups. Some of the indigenous tribes in the state are the Berom, Afizere, Amo, Anaguta, Aten, Bogghom, Buji, Challa, Chip, Fier, Gashish, Goemai, Irigwe, Jarawa, Jukun, Kofyar (comprising Doemak, Kwalla, and Mernyang), Montol, Mushere, Mupun, Mwaghavul, Ngas, Piapung, Pyem, Ron-Kulere, Bache, Talet, Taroh (Tarok), Youm and Fulani/Kanuri in Wase.
IS JOS THE PLATEAU STATE CAPITAL THE COLDEST CITY IN NIGERIA?
Jos the plateau state capital is the only place where the temperature can drop as low as 8 °C (usually the lowest temperature is around 13 °C).
IS PLATEAU STATE A NORTHERN STATE?
Plateau State is located in Nigeria’s middle belt and is the twelfth largest state of Nigeria. It is geographically unique in Nigeria because its boundaries totally surround the Jos Plateau, having the Jos Plateau totally in its central and northern parts.
WHAT IS THE TOP BLOG IN JOS PLATEAU STATE?
Matthew tegha blog Known to be the people’s online platform in Jos, MathewteghBlog contents targets the people news, lifestyle and exclusive stories that trend worldwide. www.mathewtegha.com